Crop: Cowpea forage

Crop Detail

The cowpea is an annual herbaceous legume cultivated for its edible seeds or for fodder. It may be climbing and erect, as well as prostrate and creeping depending on the cultivar. Prostrate varieties grow to about 80 cm and climbing cultivars up to 2 m. It has a well developed root system. The leaves are trifoliate with oval leaflets, 6-15 cm long and 4-11 cm broad. The papillonaceous flowers can be white, yellowish, pale blue or violet and are distributed along axillary clusters. Pods occur in pairs forming a V, mostly pendulous but they can be erect. They are cylindrical, 6 to 20 cm long and 3-12 mm broad, and contain 8 to 20 seeds. Seeds can be white, pink, brown or black. . It is drought hardy crop also quick growing thus supressed weeds during initial stage. It also help to conserved soil and moisture. Cowpea is a good source of protein, calcium and iron.

Major/Minor Minor
Temporary/Permanent Temporary
Category Agriculture Extension
Type Cereal Crops
Crop Climate Title Temperate
Crop Water Method Title Irrigated
Crop Duration Two Seasonal
Crop Economic Title Food Crop
Crop Growing Season Kharif / Rainy / Monsoon Crops


Fungal Diseases

Bacterial Blight Cowpea Mosaic Powdery mildew Seed rot and seeding mortality

Sucking Pests

Cowpea pod borer Hairy caterpillar Aphids and Jassids

Cowpea forage Seed Varieties

Name Seed Rate
فارم 70 Farm 70 15 kg/acre
Barsati بارساتي 10-12 kg/acre
CCBED سي سي بي اي ڊي 10_12 kg/acre