Crop: Sugarcane

Crop Detail

Sugarcane is an important industrial and cash crop in Pakistan and in many countries of the world. The average production of sugar cane in Pakistan is 450-500 mounds per acre which is very much low compared to the cane production by other countries. Agronomic factors like preparatory tillage, bed preparation, planting techniques and time, water availability for irrigation, application of fertilizers, management of ratoon crop, harvesting time, type of cultivars and plant protection measures significantly affect its production. These factors also contribute to the cost of production. It is noteworthy that the cultivation of sugar cane crop is carried out for crushing purposes to obtain sugar, Panela (Jaggery. gur), and other products. By-products like alcohol used in the pharmaceutical industry, ethanol used as a fuel, bagasse used for paper-making and chipboard manufacturing and press mud used as a rich source of organic matter that adds to soil fertility are derived after the cane is crushed Pakistan occupies an important position in cane producing countries of the world. It ranks at the fifth position in cane acreage and production and almost 15th position in sugar production.

Major/Minor Major
Temporary/Permanent Temporary
Category Agriculture Extension
Type Cereal Crops
Crop Climate Title Tropical
Crop Water Method Title Irrigated
Crop Duration Perennial
Crop Economic Title Cash Crop
Crop Growing Season Kharif / Rainy / Monsoon Crops


Sucking Pests

Early Shoot Borer Stalk Borer White grub Top Shoot Borer Pyrilla Scale Insect Woolly Aphid Wild Boar Aphids Yellow aphids White Fly Mealy Bugs Gurdaspur Borer/ Root borer black bugs Termites Rats Green Grasshopper in Sugarcane Mites Grass hopper

Fungal Diseases

Red rot Fusarium Stalk Rot Yellow Rust Sugar cane leaf spot Brown spots Red spots Loose smut root rot


Weeds All type of weeds cynodon (Khabal Narrow leaf


Chip Buding

Sugarcane Seed Varieties

Name Seed Rate
Upper Sindh (اتر سنڌ) 80-100 mds/acre or 30000-40000 buds/acre
Middle Sindh (وچين سنڌ) 80-100 mds/acre or 30000-40000 buds/acre
Lower Sindh (ڏکڻ سنڌ) 80-100 mds/acre or 30000-40000 buds/acre
Lower Sindh (ڏکڻ سنڌ) 80-100 mds/acre or 30000-40000 buds/acre