Crop: Bottle gourd

Crop Detail

The bottle gourd is a commonly cultivated plant in tropical and subtropical areas of the world, now believed by some to have spread or originated from wild populations in southern Africa. The bottle gourd may have been carried from Africa to Asia, Europe and the Americas in the course of human migration or by seeds floating across the oceans inside the gourd. Nowadays, bottle gourds are grown by direct sowing of seeds or transplanting 15 to 20 day old seedlings. The plant prefers well-drained, moist, rich soil. It requires plenty of moisture in the growing season and a warm, sunny position, sheltered from the wind. It can be cultivated in small places such as in a pot and allowed to spread on a trellis or roof. Bottle gourds grow very rapidly and their stems can reach a length of 9 m in the summer, so they need a solid support along the stem if they are to climb a pole or trellis. If planted under a tall tree, the vine may grow up to the top of the tree. To obtain more fruit, farmers sometimes cut off the tip of the vine when it has grown to 6-8 feet in length. This forces the plant to produce side branches that soon bear flowers and yield more fruit.

Major/Minor Major
Temporary/Permanent Temporary
Category Agriculture Extension
Type Vegetables
Crop Climate Title Tropical
Crop Water Method Title Irrigated
Crop Duration Biennial
Crop Economic Title Food Crop
Crop Growing Season Summer / Zaid Crops


Sucking Pests

Fruit Fly Epilachna Beetle Wild Boar Red pumpkin beetle White Fly

Chewing and Biting Pests

Blister Beetle

Fungal Diseases

Powdery Mildew Downy Mildew viral diseases Blight Root rot

Viral Diseases



Chilling/frost injury Air pollution injury fruit drop Flower dropping



Bottle gourd Seed Varieties

Name Seed Rate
Summer long 2-2 1/2 kg per acre
Anmol 2-2 1/2 kg per acre