Crop: Turnip

Crop Detail

The most common type of turnip is mostly white-skinned apart from the upper 1-6 cm which protrudes above the ground and are purple or red or greenish where the sun has hit. This above ground part develops from stem tissue, but is fused with the root. The interior flesh is entirely white. The root is roughly globular, from 5-20 cm (2.0-7.9) in diameter, and lacks side roots. Underneath, the taproot (the normal root below the swollen storage root) is thin and 10 cm.  It is trimmed off before the vegetable is sold. The leaves grow directly from the above ground shoulder of the root, with little or no visible crown or neck. Turnip greens are a common side dish in southeastern U.S. cooking, primarily during late fall and winter. Similar to raw cabbage or radish, turnip leaves and roots have a pungent flavor that becomes milder after cooking. Turnip roots weigh up to 1 kilogram, although they are usually harvested when smaller. Size is partly a function of variety and partly a function of the length of time the turnip has grown. Most baby turnips can be eaten whole, including their leaves. Baby turnips are sold in yellow, orange and red fleshed varieties, as well as white fleshed. Their flavor is mild, so they can be eaten raw in salads like radishes and other vegetables.

Major/Minor Major
Temporary/Permanent Temporary
Category Agriculture Extension
Type Vegetables
Crop Climate Title Temperate
Crop Water Method Title Irrigated
Crop Duration Biennial
Crop Economic Title Food Crop
Crop Growing Season Rabi / Winter / Cold Crops


Sucking Pests

Aphid Diamond Back Moth Flea beetle

Chewing and Biting Pests

Blister Beetle

Fungal Diseases

Damping Off Powdery Mildew

Bacterial Diseases

Bacterial Leaf Spot Crown Rot Bacterial Soft Rot


flood stress


Bermuda grass/khabbal Dhela Grasses

Turnip Seed Varieties

Name Seed Rate
Seed Rate 125-250 grams
Local Red 125-250 g
Local White 125-250 g
Purple top 125-250 g