Crop: Bitter gourd

Crop Detail

Bitter gourd is a tropical and subtropical vine of the family Cucurbitaceae, widely grown in Asia, Africa and the Caribbean for its edible fruit. Its many varieties differ substantially in the shape and bitterness of the fruit. This herbaceous, tendril-bearing vine grows up to 5 m (16 ft) in length. It bears simple, alternate leaves 4-12 cm (1.6-4.7 in) across, with three to seven deeply separated lobes. When the fruit is fully ripe, it turns orange and mushy, and splits into segments which curl back dramatically to expose seeds covered in bright red pulp.

In Pakistan, known as karela in Urdu speaking areas and Bangladesh, known as korola in Bengali bitter gourd is often cooked with onions, red chili powder, turmeric powder, salt, coriander powder and a pinch of cumin seeds. Another dish in Pakistan calls for whole, unpeeled bitter melon to be boiled and then stuffed with cooked minced beef, served with hot tandoori bread, naan, chappati, or with khichri (a mixture of lentils and rice).

Major/Minor Major
Temporary/Permanent Temporary
Category Agriculture Extension
Type Vegetables
Crop Climate Title Tropical
Crop Water Method Title Irrigated
Crop Duration Perennial
Crop Economic Title Food Crop
Crop Growing Season Kharif / Rainy / Monsoon Crops


Sucking Pests

Mite Aphid Fruit Fly Flea beetle Wild Boar White fly Rodents

Fungal Diseases

Powdery Mildew Downey mildew Viral diseases Blight

Bacterial Diseases

Bacterial Leaf Spot Wilt

Viral Diseases

Yellow Mosaic




Chilling/frost injury Air pollution injury Blossom end injury

Bitter gourd Seed Varieties

Name Seed Rate
Local varities لوڪل جنسون 3-3 1/2 kg/ acre
Hybrid ولائتي 3-3 1/2 kg/ acre