Crop: Mustard

Crop Detail

Mustards, (Brassica spp.) are herbaceous annual plants in the family Brassicaceae grown for their seeds which are used as a spice. Mustard plants are thin herbaceous herbs with yellow flowers. The leaves of the plant are toothed, lobed, and occasionally have the larger terminal lobes. Plants can reach 16 cm (6.3 in) in length. The yellow flowers grow in spike like clusters of 2-12 flowers and individual flowers are 8 mm (0.3 in) in diameter. The seeds are red to brown in color and produced from each flower. Mustard can grow 1.2-2 m (4-6.6 ft) in height and as an annual plant, survives only one growing season. Mustard may also be referred to as mustard, brown mustard, red mustard, yellow mustard or wedlock and is believed to have originated in the temperate regions.

Major/Minor Major
Temporary/Permanent Temporary
Category Agriculture Extension
Type Cereal Crops
Crop Climate Title Temperate
Crop Water Method Title Rain-fed
Crop Duration Annual
Crop Economic Title Food Crop
Crop Growing Season Rabi / Winter / Cold Crops


Sucking Pests

Wild Boar Aphids Mustard saw fly Army worm

Fungal Diseases

Blackleg Diseasse White Rust Root Rot Downy Mildew Alternaria Black spot (Fungal)


Purple Nut sedge Blue grass Canary grass



Mustard Seed Varieties

Name Seed Rate
Wester 1.5 - 2 Kg/Acre
Shiralee 1.5 - 2 Kg/Acre
CON-1 1.5 - 2 Kg/Acre
CON-11 1.5 - 2 Kg/Acre
CON-111 1.5 - 2 Kg/Acre
Pakola 1.5 - 2 Kg/Acre
Canola Raya 1.5 - 2 Kg/Acre
BARD-1 (non-canola) 1.5 - 2 Kg/Acre
PARC canola Hybrid (Hybrid variety) 1.5 - 2 Kg/Acre
Raya Anmol 1.5 - 2 Kg/Acre
Pak cheen 1.5 - 2 Kg/Acre
Khanpur Raya 1.5 - 2 Kg/Acre
Sarhein 95 1.5 - 2 Kg/Acre
Chakwal Raya 1.5 - 2 Kg/Acre
Tandojam Raya 1.5 - 2 Kg/Acre
Abasin 95 1.5 - 2 Kg/Acre