Crop: Alfalfa

Crop Detail

Alfalfa, Medicago sativa, is an herbaceous perennial in the plant family Fabaceae (peas and beans) which is primarily grown as a forage crop which can be grazed by animals or harvested as hay to be used as an animal feed. Alfalfa has a deeply penetrating taproot and the stems of the plant branch from a woody base, growing upright and erect or along the ground. The leaves of the plant are made up of three individual leaflets (trifoliate) which are narrow and oval or oblong in shape with a smooth upper surface and slightly hairy lower surface. Alfalfa plants produce flowers on racemes (flower stalks) and each raceme possesses 10-35 densely packed purple flowers. Alfalfa produces spirally coiled seed pods each containing 2-6 seeds. Pods may have a smooth or hairy outer surface. Alfalfa plants can reach a height of 120 cm (47 in) and live for between 3 and 8 years. Alfalfa is also commonly referred to as Lucerne and is believed to have originated in Caucasus area, north-western Iran and north-eastern Turkey.

Major/Minor Minor
Temporary/Permanent Temporary
Category Agriculture Extension
Type Fodder Crops
Crop Climate Title Sub Tropical
Crop Water Method Title Rain-fed
Crop Duration Perennial
Crop Economic Title Food Crop
Crop Growing Season Rabi / Winter / Cold Crops


Sucking Pests

Wild Boar Alfalfa caterpillar Alfalfa weevil Aphids Beet armyworm Three cornered alfalfa hopper

Fungal Diseases

damping off Seedling blight Leaf Spot Shoot blight Root rot Bacterial wilt Fusarium wilt Crown rot Viral Mosaic Anthracnose Downy mildew Alfalfa mosaic Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV)

Alfalfa Seed Varieties

Name Seed Rate
Type-9 8 kg / Acre