Crop: Sunflower

Crop Detail

Sunflower, Helianthus annuus, is an herbaceous annual plant in the family Asteraceae, grown for its seeds. The plant has a thick, hairy, erect stem which gives rise to a large flower head. The plant has large, broad lower leaves which are oval and arranged alternately on the stem and smaller, narrower upper leaves which are attached individually to the stem. The flower head is a large disc reaching 10-30 cm (4-12 in) in diameter which is made up of 16-30 individual florets which are yellow-gold in color. The outer florets are sterile and produce the outer petals of the flower head, while the inner florets will mature into the seeds in the central disc. Sunflowers are annual plants, harvested after one growing season and can reach 1-3.5 m (3.3-11.5 ft) in height. Sunflower may also be referred to as girasols and originates from North America.

Major/Minor Minor
Temporary/Permanent Temporary
Category Agriculture Extension
Type Oilseed Crops
Crop Climate Title Sub Tropical
Crop Water Method Title Irrigated
Crop Duration Annual
Crop Economic Title Food Crop
Crop Growing Season Kharif / Rainy / Monsoon Crops


Sucking Pests

Wild Boar Cutworms Green stink bug American bollworm Aphid whitefly Stem borer

Fungal Diseases

rust downy mildew Verticillium wilt Sclerotinia stalk head rot charcoal rot blight leaf spot


Broad leaves Narrow leaves weeds

Sunflower Seed Varieties

Name Seed Rate
NK-265, SF-187, PI-6480, Hysun-33, PARC-92E, SMH-9706, SMH-0907, SMH-0917 (ناڙي پوک) 1 1/2 kg/acre
HO-1 (ناڙي پوک) 3 kg/ Acre
NK-265, SF-187, PI-6480, Hysun-33, PARC-92E, SMH-9706, SMH-0907, SMH-0917 (ڪريا ڇٽ کيڙ پوک) 2 kg/acre
HO-1 (ڪريا ڇٽ کيڙ پوک) 3 1/2 kg/acre